125th birth anniversary of Charlie Chaplin (1889-1975).
Birth anniversaries of Henry Mancini (1924-94), Peter Ustinov (1921-2004), Wilbur Wright (1867-1912).
1705 - Queen Anne of England knighted Isaac Newton.
1912 - Harriet Quimby became the first woman to fly across the English Channel.
1917 - Vladimir Ilyich Lenin returned to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution after years of exile.
1922 - Annie Oakley shot 100 clay targets in a row, to set a women's record.
1922 - The Soviet Union and Germany signed the Treaty of Rapallo under which Germany recognized the Soviet Union and diplomatic and trade relations were restored.
1943 - In Basel, Switzerland, chemist Albert Hoffman accidently discovered the the hallucinogenic effects of LSD-25 while working on the medicinal value of lysergic acid.
1951 - 75 people were killed when the British submarine Affray sank in the English Channel.
1972 - Apollo 16 blasted off on a voyage to the moon. It was the fifth manned moon landing.
1972 - Two giants pandas arrived in the U.S. from China.
1975 - The Khmer Rouge Rebels won control of Cambodia after a five years of civil war. They renamed the country Kampuchea and began a reign of terror.
1987 - The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) sternly warned U.S. radio stations to watch the use of indecent language on the airwaves.
1992 - The House ethics committee listed 303 current and former mostly democrat lawmakers who had overdrawn their House bank accounts.
1996 - Britain's Prince Andrew and his wife, Sarah, the Duchess of York, announced that they were in the process of getting a divorce.