Birth anniversary of Wild Bill Hickok (1837-76). Shot dead at a poker table at Deadwood, Dakota Territory, on Aug 2, 1876—holding two black aces, two black eights and one other card—now called the “dead man’s hand.”
Birth anniversaries of Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961), Humphrey (1911-78), Vincent Price (1911-93)
Happy Birthday! Joseph Fiennes, Louis Gossett Jr, Ramsey Lewis
1647 - Achsah Young, a resident of Windsor, CT, was executed for being a "witch." It was the first recorded American execution of a "witch."
1907 - The Bubonic Plague broke out in San Francisco.
1933 - In the U.S., the Federal Securities Act was signed. The act required the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.
1941 - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt proclaimed an "unlimited national emergency" amid rising world tensions.
1941 - The German battleship Bismarck was sunk by British naval and air forces. 2,300 people were killed.
1942 - German General Erwin Rommel began a major offensive in Libya with his Afrika Korps.
1969 - Construction of Walt Disney World began in Florida.
1986 - Mel Fisher recovered a jar that contained 2,300 emeralds from the Spanish ship Atocha. The ship sank in the 17th century.
1997 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the sexual harassment suit filed by Paula Jones could continue while President Clinton was in office.
1999 - In The Hague, Netherlands, a war crimes tribunal indicted Slobodan Milosevic and four others for atrocities in Kosovo. It was the first time that a sitting head of state had been charged with such a crime.