Candlelight Vigil for Elvis Presley, Graceland, Memphis, TN (Aug 15-16). See www.elvisweek.com
Birth anniversary of novelist and playwright Edna Ferber (1887-1968). She wrote Show Boat, Cimarron, Giant and cowrote the plays Dinner at Eight and Stage Door.
Birth anniversary of American culinary legend Julia Child (1912-2004).
Birth anniversaries of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) and Oscar Peterson (1925-2007).
Happy Birthday! Ben Affleck, Mike Connors, Phyllis Schlafly
1057 - Macbeth, the King of Scotland, was killed by the son of King Duncan.
1848 - The dental chair was patented by M. Waldo Hanchett.
1877 - Thomas Edison wrote to the president of the Telegraph Company in Pittsburgh, PA. The letter stated that the word, "hello" would be a more appropriate greeting than "ahoy" when answering the telephone.
1911 - The product Crisco was introduced by Procter & Gamble Company.
1914 - The Panama Canal was officially opened to commercial traffic as an American ship sailed from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
1935 - Will Rogers and Wiley Post were killed in an airplane crash in near Point Barrow, AK.
1947 - India became independent from Britain and was divided into the countries of India and Pakistan. India had been under British about 200 years.
1948 - The Republic of Korea was proclaimed.
1961 - East German workers began construction of the Berlin Wall.
1971 - U.S. President Nixon announced a 90-day freeze on wages, rents and prices.
1997 - The U.S. Justice Department decided not to prosecute FBI officials in connection with the deadly 1992 Ruby Ridge siege in Idaho. The investigation dealt with an alleged cover-up.