Friday, November 04, 2016
History for November 4 - On-This-Day.com:
Will Rogers (William Penn Adair "Will" Rogers) 1879 - Cowboy, vaudeville performer, actor, Walter Cronkite 1916 - Broadcast journalist ("CBS Evening News"), Arthur William Matthew "Art" Carney 1918 - Actor ("The Honeymooners," "Harry and Tonto")
Alfred Heineken 1923 - Businessman, Loretta Swit 1937 - Actress (M*A*S*H*), Laura Bush 1946 - U.S. First Lady, wife of U.S. President George W. Bush
1842 - Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd in Springfield, IL.
1847 - Scottish obstetrician James Young Simpson discovered the anethestic qualities of chloroform.
1880 - James and John Ritty patented the first cash register.
1942 - During World War II, Axis forces retreated from El Alamein in North Africa. It was a major victory for the British.
1952 - In the United States, the National Security Agency (NSA) was established.
1965 - Lee Ann Roberts Breedlove became the first woman to exceed 300 mph when she went 308.5 mph.
1979 - Iranian militants seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran and took 63 Americans hostage (90 total hostages). The militants, mostly students, demanded that the U.S. send the former shah back to Iran to stand trial. Many hostages were later released, but 52 were held for the next 14 months.
1991 - Ronald Reagan opened his presidential library in Simi Valley, CA. The dedication ceremony was attended by President Bush and former U.S. presidents Jimmy Carter, Gerald R. Ford and Richard M. Nixon. It was the 1st gathering of 5 U.S. chief executives.