Italy Referendum Results Illustrate Sense of Alienation Electorate Has From Governing Elites - Reason.com:
"On Sunday evening, I watched as Matteo Renzi acknowledged the negative outcome of the constitutional referendum and resigned, as promised, as Italy's prime minister.
Renzi called the plebiscite in order to streamline Italy's baroque governing bureaucracy—a necessary prerequisite, he claimed, for much-needed economic reform.
By a margin of close to 20 percentage points, the Italians said "No" and Renzi threw in the towel.
As he spoke, I emailed an Italian friend of mine to gauge her reaction.
As a professor of economics and a free marketer, I expected her to be horrified by the events.
Instead, she responded on Monday morning by saying that she too voted "No."
"Nothing ever changes in Italy, anyway," she continued.
I guess that I should not have been surprised.
It is 2016, after all, and, in the political arena, anything seems possible.
Thinking about my friend's response more carefully, however, I have come to see some parallels between what happened in Italy, and the British decision to withdraw from the European Union and Donald Trump's victory in the U.S. presidential election.
..."With every electoral cycle, 'establishment' parties committed to further European integration are growing weaker and anti-EU parties are getting closer to power.
The EU has been very successful in plodding along, but its rearguard action cannot succeed indefinitely.
At some point, one of the EU's 28 member states will elect an anti-EU government.
I fear that the longer the EU establishment ignores its opponents, the more belligerent the latter will become.""