Aldous Huxley 1894
- 1775 - A postal system was established by the 2nd Continental Congress of the United States. The first Postmaster General was Benjamin Franklin.
- 1907 - The Chester was launched. It was the first turbine-propelled ship.
- 1908 - U.S. Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte issued an order that created an investigative agency that was a forerunner of the FBI.
- 1945 - Winston Churchill resigned as Britain's prime minister.
- 1947 - U.S. President Truman signed The National Security Act. The act created the National Security Council, the Department of Defense, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
- 1953 - Fidel Castro began his revolt against Fulgencio Batista with an unsuccessful attack on an army barracks in eastern Cuba. Castro eventually ousted Batista six years later.
- 1971 - Apollo 15 was launched from Cape Kennedy, FL.