John Adams (U.S.) 1735
- 1817 - The independent government of Venezuela was established by Simon Bolivar.
- 1831 - Escaped slave Nat Turner was apprehended in Southampton County, VA, several weeks after leading the bloodiest slave uprising in American history.
- 1938 - Orson Welles' "The War of the Worlds" aired on CBS radio. The belief that the realistic radio dramatization was a live news event about a Martian invasion caused panic among listeners.
- 1972 - U.S. President Richard Nixon approved legislation to increase Social Security spending by $5.3 billion.
- 1975 - The New York Daily News ran the headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead." The headline came a day after U.S. President Gerald R. Ford said he would veto any proposed federal bailout of New York City.
- 1995 - Federalist prevailed over separatists in Quebec in a referendum concerning secession from the federation of Canada.