Woodrow Wilson 1856 - 28th U.S. President
- 1732 - "The Pennsylvania Gazette," owned by Benjamin Franklin, ran an ad for the first issue of "Poor Richard’s Almanack."
- 1836 - Mexico's independence was recognized by Spain.
- 1869 - William E. Semple, of Mt. Vernon, OH, patented an acceptable chewing gum.
- 1895 - In Paris, the first commercial public screening of cinematographic films took place.
- 1945 - The U.S. Congress officially recognized the "Pledge of Allegiance."
- 1956 - After five years on television, the last "Ding Dong School" was aired on NBC-TV.
- 1981 - Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the first American test-tube baby, was born in Norfolk, VA.