Nikolai Gogol 1809 - Playwright, novelist
- 1776 - Abigail Adams wrote to her husband John that women were "determined to foment a rebellion" if the new Declaration of Independence failed to guarantee their rights..
- 1885 - Binney & Smith Company was founded in New York City. The company later became Crayola, LLC.
- 1889 - In Paris, the Eiffel Tower officially opened.
- 1917 - The U.S. purchased and took possession of the Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million.
- 1918 - For the first time in the U.S., Daylight Saving Time went into effect.
- 1949 - Newfoundland entered the Canadian confederation as its 10th province.
- 1980 - U.S. President Carter deregulated the banking industry.